Cantão and Bananal Island

The Cantão and the Bananal Island are located in the western of Tocantins, glued together. These two habitats are marked by lush biodiversity, crucial for a healthy life on the planet. Another exceptional feature is that they present three biomes in the same area: the Savanah, the Amazon Forest and the Pantanal. They keep animals and ecosystems so diverse that attract the attention all over the world as a reserve of life on Planet Earth. In the extreme north of the Bananal is located the Araguaia National Park which covers the municipalities of Pium and Lagoa da Confusão.

The Bananal Island is considered the Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO, being one of the most important ecological sanctuaries in Brazil. Dwell there the indigenous peoples Karajá and Javaé. The importance of the Indigenous Peoples from Tocantins can be measured by the fact of Tocantins State have been chosen to host the first World Games of Indigenous Peoples.

Lush fauna and flora

Lush fauna and flora
Fauna e Flora exuberantesFauna e Flora exuberantesFauna e Flora exuberantes

Lush fauna and flora

The region of Cantão and Bananal Island is covered by a dense forest and lush and diverse wildlife, with many animals easy to spot. Rheas, partridges, herons, spoonbills, deer, alligators, curassows, anteaters, Amazon Turtle and even jaguars. In the surrounding Flora, the highlights are the terrestrial orchids and trees as maçaranduba, piaçava and canjerana. In that region predominate the fields, called varjões. Still appear the savannah, the transition dry forest and the riparian forests named igapós.

Bird Watching

Bird Watching
cantao_passaros004cantao_passaros003

Bird Watching

The Canton and the Bananal Island are a paradise for birds. There are hundreds of species. At various points it is possible the bird watching. It is fascinating to see the flock of storks, spoonbills, ducks and herons. No Cantão, you can see the aracari of white beak, the runner duck, the gypsy guan and a famous bird by being naturally rare: the woodpecker from Parnaíba (Celus obrieni) - the most skittish of all 40 species of woodpecker.

Trails, Boat Ride

Trails, Boat Ride
Trilhas, Passeio de BarcoTrilhas, Passeio de BarcoTrilhas, Passeio de Barco

Trails, Boat Ride

During the rainy season, the Cantão and the Bananal Island are flooded by up to 80% of their areas, propitious time for boats ride or kayak when surprisingly you pass through the treetops. In the dry season, it's time to follow verdant trails that expose biodiversity of birds and typical plants of the Amazon and Savanah. In the Cantão, just choose one of them: There is the Furo do Cicica Trail, the Murici Trail, and the Levi Trail...

Researches – Araguaia River Dolphin

Researches – Araguaia River Dolphin
Pesquisa – CantãoPesquisa – CantãoPesquisa – Cantão

Researches – Araguaia River Dolphin

In Cantão, the Araguaia Institute is monitoring the Boto do Araguaia (Inia araguaiensis) - species discovered in 2014. The river dolphins population are declining in the world and their survival depends on the protection of their last sanctuaries, as the Araguaia National Park and the State Park of Canton. In the Cantão, the researchers also monitor air quality through equipment installed in a tower 42m high, from where you have a panoramic view of the beautiful landscape of the region.

Karajá and Javaé indians

Karajá and Javaé indians

Karajá and Javaé indians

The indians Karajá and Javaé from the Bananal Island form the most important indigenous nation of Tocantins. The group maintains secular and traditional customs such as native language, ceramic crafts, family fishing, and rituals as the Arowana and Hetohoky. They are recognized by the body painting characterized by two circles on the face. With permission, you can enjoy a cultural experience together the Indians of the island, who welcome visitors to know their way of life, including fishing with bow and arrow.

Arowana Party | Hetohoky

Arowana Party | Hetohoky

Arowana Party | Hetohoky

Arowana - Main feast of the island - is a ritual that involves food, dances, songs and jokes and aims to celebrate the cycle of life of the Indians. The Arowana represent magical beings, they present in double with a garment basically made with straw. The Hetohoky is a ritual that marks the passage of teen boys to the adulthood. At the party, there are dances and physical fights, as the Ijesu, showing strength and courage of the young Indians.

Indigenous Crafts

Indigenous Crafts
Artesanato IndígenaArtesanato IndígenaArtesanato Indígena

Indigenous Crafts

The Karajá-Javaé produces a rich craftsmanship in ceramics, wood, basketry and lush feather art. They produce utensils and adornments such as baskets, nets, mats, masks, headdresses, bracelets, earrings, necklaces, bracelets and maracás. The most famous piece is the ceramic Ritxokó doll, represented in various scenes of daily life in the villages. The doll is recognized as a Brazilian intangible cultural heritage by IPHAN.

Caseara | Lagoa da Confusão

Caseara | Lagoa da Confusão
Caseara | Praia da IlhaCaseara | Praia da IlhaCaseara | Praia da Ilha

Caseara | Lagoa da Confusão

The municipalities of Caseara and Lagoa da Confusão (Lagoon of Confusion) are gateways to the region of Cantão and the Bananal Island, respectively. The two cities are privileged by the rich ecosystem of the parks in which they are inserted: the Parque Estadual do Cantão and the Parque Nacional do Araguaia (this latter one covers the municipalities of Pium and Lagoa da Confusão). Bananal is the most genuine river island in the world with about 2 million hectares. The part belonging to Tocantins, covers three municipalities: Pium, Lagoa da Confusão and Formoso do Araguaia. All have their natural charm. Lagoons. beaches, caves and lush nature.

© 2016 REALIZE TURISMO. All rights reserved.