The Cantão and the Bananal Island are located in the western of Tocantins, glued together. These two habitats are marked by lush biodiversity, crucial for a healthy life on the planet. Another exceptional feature is that they present three biomes in the same area: the Savanah, the Amazon Forest and the Pantanal. They keep animals and ecosystems so diverse that attract the attention all over the world as a reserve of life on Planet Earth. In the extreme north of the Bananal is located the Araguaia National Park which covers the municipalities of Pium and Lagoa da Confusão.
The Bananal Island is considered the Biosphere Reserve by UNESCO, being one of the most important ecological sanctuaries in Brazil. Dwell there the indigenous peoples Karajá and Javaé. The importance of the Indigenous Peoples from Tocantins can be measured by the fact of Tocantins State have been chosen to host the first World Games of Indigenous Peoples.
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